An Ecology of Souls

by Peter Meyer

June 9, 2018

1. Introduction

What is called ‘education’ in the modern West presupposes that nothing ‘really’ exists other than many objects (including humans) perceivable by sight and touch and believed to be composed ultimately of innumerable interacting atoms within a vast universe of space and time. This metaphysical view is called “materialism” (short for “atheistic materialism”). It is, of course, opposed by people who believe in one or more ‘divine’ beings (‘God’ or ‘gods’). It is also opposed by people who have experienced what appears to them to be a non-material reality of some kind, including people who have contacted apparently independently-existing intelligent entities via the use of DMT (N,N-dimethyltryptamine) or other psychedelics.

This article is an approach to the formulation of a metaphysics which includes a theistic and idealist view of reality, where ‘reality’ encompasses not only the physical world (that which is perceivable by sight and touch) but also a world (or perhaps many worlds) containing non-material intelligent entities, and which also includes the bodies of knowledge making up natural science. Within this conceptual framework this article discusses the nature of human consciousness, the relation of the DMT entities to humans, and ends with a brief look at robots, UFOs and the alien abduction phenomenon.

2. The Neoplatonic Triad

We begin with the view of the 3rd C. philosopher Plotinus (the founder of Neoplatonism), who posited a fundamental reality which he called “the One”, from which emanated two hypostases, “Nous” and “World Soul”, forming a triad or trinity. A more descriptive name for the One is “the Primordial Mind”, also called “the Godhead” by the 14th C. German mystic Meister Eckhart and by other names in oriental spiritual traditions. There is nothing beyond or above the Primordial Mind. It is beyond all possible conceptualization by us, but not beyond all possible experience. There is nothing other than the Primordial Mind and there is nothing that could limit it. The Primordial Mind is itself beyond existence, and all that exists emerges from its two hypostases.

Of these, one is personal and one impersonal. From the Primordial Mind emanates the Original (or Universal or Cosmic) Consciousness and the Original (or Universal or Cosmic) Energy. The former (personal) is characterized by self-awareness, intelligence, knowledge, love, compassion and wisdom (and is the ultimate source of all these in ourselves). In the Christian religion it is called “God”. All individual consciousnesses other than the Original Consciousness (that is, all “souls”) are limited instantiations of the Original Consciousness (and thus essentially are identical with the Primordial Mind).

The Original Energy is the objective complement to the subjective Original Consciousness (their union is portrayed as yab-yum deities in Tibetan tantric iconography). It provides coherence, consistency and lawfulness to what appears to the emanated souls as external to themselves. It manifests itself in the experience of all living things in the natural world, and is the basis of the “laws” discovered (or invented) by physicists.

The Primordial Mind, Original Consciousness and Original Energy do not exist in any space or time. The Primordial Mind has no awareness of any particular object or any space or time. Spatial or temporal awareness is available to living things only as qualities of their own experience. There is no space or time other than the space and time of some world, where a world is the totality of appearances of a world to a community of souls to whom that world appears. Space and time (as the philosopher Immanuel Kant stated) are neither themselves appearances, nor exist ‘in themselves’ independently of experience, but rather are inseparable from appearances of a world and have no existence except as inseparable from such appearances to conscious beings.

3. Origen and the Hierarchy of Souls

The view of Plotinus greatly influenced the 3rd Century philosopher Origen of Alexandria, who developed the first systematic Christian theology. This begins by postulating a typical Neoplatonic divine hierarchical triad, but instead of using the Neoplatonic names, “Nous” and so on, he calls them “Father”, “Son” and "Holy Spirit”.

The Father creates from the Son individual spiritual intelligences (‘archangels’, ‘angels’, etc.) able to contemplate the divinity of the Father and able to form relationships among themselves. From them emanate many other minds, called ‘souls’. The essential nature of all of these beings is the Primordial Mind itself, since nothing exists which is other than the Primordial Mind.

These souls were originally created in close proximity to God, with the intention that they should explore the divine mysteries in a state of endless contemplation. They grew weary of this intense contemplation, however, and lapsed, falling away from God and into an existence on their own terms. ... Thus departing from God, they came to be clothed in bodies, at first of "a fine ethereal and invisible nature," but later, as souls fell further away from God, their bodies changed from a fine, ethereal and invisible body to a body of a coarser and more solid state. [1]

Origen says [2] that only the Father, Son and Holy Ghost are incorporeal, that is, lack bodies. All souls (including angels, humans and others) have bodies. These bodies, however, are not substantial or material; rather they are appearances to the souls.

Returning to the present, when someone smokes a sufficient amount of DMT they experience what appears to be a 'space' of some kind which is inhabited by 'entities' which appear to be aware of the observer. One or two people claiming to have experienced such entities may be dismissed as hallucinating. But when a couple of hundred people report such an experience, and the reports, while mostly independent, are curiously similar, it is not scientifically acceptable to dismiss them in this way. And, indeed, more than 200 people have reported contact with these entities (see [3]). What they are seeing are the bodies of souls which inhabit a world which is intermediate between the angelic and the human. In the words of Terence McKenna, the first person to reveal publicly the existence of the DMT entities, those entities constitute “an ecology of souls”.

The teaching of Origen concerning souls can be seen as a very early anticipation of the recently-formulated idealist philosophy of Bernardo Kastrup. In the quote below he speaks of “spatially unbound consciousness”, which is our ‘Original Consciousness’ or ‘God’, and he summarizes his position as follows, using the concept (derived from studies of multiple personality) of an alter:

[S]patially unbound consciousness is posited to be nature’s sole ontological primitive. We, as well as all other living organisms, are dissociated alters of this unbound consciousness. The universe we see around us is the extrinsic appearance of phenomenality surrounding — but dissociated from — our alter. The living organisms we share the world with are the extrinsic appearances of other dissociated alters. [4]

4. World as Appearance

In everyday waking life we believe we inhabit, and act in and on, a world of objects which exist independently of ourselves. This belief is based on appearances to us of our bodies and of objects apparently around us in a 3-d space and subject to change. But we can never go beyond the appearances, except conceptually by thinking about what could account for what appears to us.

It is an unspoken assumption that we all live in the same world, and that the appearance of the world to each of us is more-or-less the same as the appearance of the world to others. Clearly there must be something ‘beyond the appearances’ which accounts for this. The received scientific (materialist) view (actually an assumption) is that beyond the appearances there are innumerable ‘atoms’ which endure in a 3-d ‘space’ which itself exists independently of our consciousness. This is initially plausible because this assumption (a) facilitates our everyday activities intended basically to keep us alive and (b) when combined with mathematical theories that physicists have formulated provides apparently satisfactory explanations of what we perceive in the physical world as well as useful and accurate predictions.

However, this materialist assumption fails utterly to explain a fact which is central to all our lives, namely, the existence of (and varieties of) consciousness. This has been admitted by many eminent scientists, including Niels Bohr, Freeman Dyson, Eugene Wigner, Erwin Schrödinger and Max Planck (see [5]). This failure is sufficient reason to deny that materialism is true.

How, then, to explain the consistency in how the natural world appears to different people? Bernardo Kastrup explains it by positing that the thoughts and emotions of what he calls “That-Which-Experiences” (in our terminology, the Original Consciousness) impinge upon the many dissociated alters (that is, the souls) immersed in it. The experiences of souls are also conditioned by the objective complement of the Original Consciousness, namely, the Original Energy, which is an emanation of the Primordial Mind and thus is the product of an unlimited intelligence. Physicists strive to understand it, formulating theories and ‘laws’ (atomic theory, theory of gravitation, special and general relativity, Maxwell’s laws, laws of thermodynamics, etc.) which are confirmed (by experiment) ‘beyond a reasonable doubt’. But the real nature and workings of the Original Energy can be understood fully only by the Original Consciousness.

5. Building a World

The concept of building a world is part of contemporary neuroscience, most of whose practitioners assume that consciousness is somehow ‘produced’ by the activity of the brain. One of the foremost exponents of this is the German philosopher Thomas Metzinger [6] who speaks of the so-called “neural correlate of consciousness” and defines this as “that set of neurofunctional properties of your brain sufficient to bring about a conscious experience” (note that this definition simply assumes that the brain can “bring about” a conscious experience). Brain activity is alleged to “underlie” consciousness, but no philosopher or neuroscientist can even begin to explain how consciousness can be “generated” by a collection of material atoms organized as biological tissues supporting a system of interacting biochemical processes.

The orthodox scientific theory of consciousness assumes that a human is an organism existing in physical space and possessing a physical brain, composed of neurons and supporting cells, whose activity is observable and measurable. However, such observation itself presupposes consciousness, a fact that adherents to the orthodox theory usually skip over. Thomas Metzinger considers the problem of how to explain the appearance to us of a single, unified world to a “self” apparently existing at the present moment in that world. The explanation he gives is, of course, given in terms of brain activity. The brain allegedly constructs a model of a world, a world possessing the qualities of space and time, in which occur multiple objects (including brains) possessing stable properties. This construction is called “building a world”, and when the brain builds a world then, according to the orthodox theory, consciousness of that world simply happens. (“It’s a miracle!”) To believe this requires an act of faith, made possible by glossing over the fact that the “brain” which is modeled is assumed (absurdly) to be identical with the “brain” which builds the model.

However, the neuroscientific concept of “building a world” helpfully provides us with insight into what a ‘world’ is, namely, it is the totality of the appearances of a world to a community of conscious beings (or souls). The consensus world that we believe we live in (our ‘everyday world’) is the totality of all appearances to us of the world. It is not something ‘material’, ‘out there’, existing independently of our awareness of it. Because of this, our world is not fixed and deterministic; it is, if we allow the possibility, ‘magical’.

6. The DMT World

As stated above, when someone smokes a sufficient dose of DMT they experience what appears to be a 'space' of some kind which is inhabited by 'entities' which appear to be aware of the observer and appear to wish to communicate something. I term this 'space' containing these 'entities' the DMT world, because it seems to be a place which can be entered by multiple observers whose reports are more-or-less consistent with each other, and who predominantly report that it appears to them as an alternate reality, that is, as something wholly other than our everyday consensus reality (and also totally bizarre).

Consistent with the definition above of a world we may say that the DMT world is the totality of all appearances to the DMT entities of a world. How this world appears to them is elucidated to some extent by reports of how it appears to humans who enter this world, as given in the 340 DMT trip reports already mentioned. The DMT entities are seen to act and interact with each other (and with the human observer) in a manner that is aptly described as ‘incomprehensible’ (relative to our ordinary way of thinking).

Our day-to-day experience is lived in a mental bubble, which is the consensus world that is constructed by our brains (whose real nature is unknown) and is more-or-less the same for almost all humans. When a person smokes DMT (or receives an intravenous injection of DMT) the world-building function of their brain is (if the dose received is large enough) shut down. Their consciousness, however, remains, since they are souls, emanations of the Original Consciousness. The consciousness that they then have is what they had before becoming incarnated in (and developing) a human body, that is, the consciousness they had before they were born — and the consciousness that they will return to when, at their death, their brains no longer function.

Thus a human is a DMT entity whose consciousness has become bound to the world-building function of a human brain. That humans were once conscious beings in the DMT World explains the fact that many voyagers into that world feel a sense of familiarity with it, and feel that they have been there before, and it sometimes appears that the DMT entities are welcoming them back home, where they came from, before they were born into the natural world.

The Egyptian concept of the Ka has been described as “the double”, the astral or spiritual essence of a person which remained with a human during their mortal life but was “the superior power in the realms beyond the grave.”

Graham Hancock [7] quotes Margaret Bunson:

The Ka entered eternity before its human host, having served its function by walking at the human's side to urge kindness, quietude, honour and compassion. Throughout the life of the human, the Ka was the conscience, the guardian, the guide. After death, however, the Ka became supreme ...

So the Ka is the DMT entity which incarnates as the human. Standard interpretations portray a person and that person's Ka as separate beings, but they are different only in that the Ka is the soul of the person which pre-existed in the DMT world and the person is the Ka which has become incarnate in our natural world. [8]

7. Robots

The current development of “clever” robot “dogs” and so on (as can be seen in YouTube videos by Boston Dynamics) is downright scary, not to mention attempts (by other companies) to develop robot ‘people’ (who can even ‘talk’ and — horror! — ‘smile’). Some working in robotics suggest that it is just a matter of a few decades before we have robots which are conscious, just as humans (and dogs) are.

Designers of robots which are intended to behave as humans do, aim to provide the robot with a model of ‘reality’ (for the robot) which is, as far as possible, the same as the model of consensus reality that adult humans possess (by virtue of the world-building ability of their brains). This is a model of a world containing enduring objects with spatial relations to each other, one of those objects being the robot itself — or rather the robot's representation of itself within the model.

The robot designers may succeed in this. But this does not mean that such a robot is conscious. Philosophers such as Thomas Metzinger assume that a robot which possess such a model is somehow automatically conscious, an assumption which is obviously unjustified.

A human is conscious because they are an emanation of the Original Consciousness (or perhaps the result of a succession of emanations). Prior to birth they are conscious beings in some ‘higher’ world, typically (in the case of humans) the DMT world. In the mother’s womb the consciousness of the DMT entity becomes the consciousness of the foetus, which eventually becomes the consciousness of the child, and eventually that of the adult. A robot, in contrast, is assembled in a laboratory or a factory from material parts: wires, metal or plastic frame, silicon chips, batteries, light-sensitive material, etc. At no stage in this assembly is consciousness present in any form whatsoever, and there is no way that the consciousness of a conscious being can be embodied in such an assembly. Thus a robot can never be conscious.

However, this does not exclude the possibility that a robot may appear to humans to be conscious. Robot designers may well succeed in creating robots which mimic the behavior of humans so well, including their linguistic behavior, that unthinking humans will believe that those robots are conscious. So before long we may have a society in which most humans believe they interact socially with robots which are conscious, and thus they will accord them the dignity and rights we naturally accord to humans, even though there will be no trace of consciousness in those robots.

In this regard Eric Wargo [9] foresees a

political conflict ... between those who are prepared to attribute humanlike sentience to computers that act intelligently and those who ... resist making such an attribution. ... It will seem to Fundamentalist Humanists [that is, those who believe in the primacy of subjective experience] that the fate of humanity is at stake ... in what kind of status, rights and authority people freely give to unfeeling machines and, by extension, to those machines' creators. Is it possible to be supplanted, destroyed, or enslaved by a machine that is not perceived as actually having a “soul”? I suspect the impulse to resist such attributions may go a long way toward protecting us from some dire future involving uppity technology.

8. UFOs

Eye-witness reports of unidentified flying objects go back to medieval times, but have been particularly numerous since the first use of atomic bombs, and there are now many thousands of credible reports of inexplicable sightings of objects traversing the skies. Since humans are familiar with manned aircraft it is assumed that these objects are physical and are controlled by onboard living, intelligent beings.

It is possible that some observations are an instance of mass hallucination (a possibility first put forward by C.G.Jung in the late 1950s). Recall that a world is the totality of appearances of a world to a community of souls. We do not know what is beyond the appearances, and when thinking of ‘flying objects’ (identified or otherwise) we must remember that these are not really independently-existing material objects in an independently-existing 3-d space, even though they appear to be.

When an appearance occurs to one soul/person which is inconsistent with their overall experience then this is an individual hallucination. When an appearance occurs simultaneously to many souls/persons which is inconsistent with their common overall experience (their shared world) then this is a mass hallucination. In both cases there is something producing the hallucinatory appearance, either something affecting the brains of all observers or something beyond the appearances (and in either case we don’t know what it is, just how the observers respond).

If UFO observations are not an instance of mass hallucination then there are what appear to be objectively existing aerial vehicles traversing the skies. These may or may not have intelligent occupants. Unmanned UFOs might have arrived at our planet after journeys of thousands (or even millions) of years through interstellar space. Our galaxy may be full of such ‘autonomous vehicles’ sent out by technologically advanced societies, for purposes we can only guess at.

If UFOs are not autonomous then they have crews. We have a strong tendency to imagine them as living organisms, like the crew of Star Trek’s Enterprise, but non-human, since they are presumably not of Earth origin. There does not appear to be advanced life on other planets in our solar system, so presumably they arrive here (or perhaps did long ago, establishing authoritarian, supremacist religions [10]) after an interstellar voyage. In which case, due to the very lengthy trip time, the hazards of interstellar travel and the fragility of organic life, the crews of these UFOs are much less likely to be living organisms like ourselves than to be either robots or the product of bioengineering.

If they are robots then they are not conscious beings, so we have almost nothing in common. If they are conscious beings then they are likely to be originally organic but now incorporating synthetic biomaterials, and whose consciousness may or may not be informed by artificial algorithmic computational processes rendering their thinking incomprehensible (or at least “alien”) to us.

In both cases it would be a (possibly fatal) mistake to assume that they possess beliefs and values that are common to humans. In particular we should not assume that they care about our welfare. “Space brothers” don’t exist except in poor quality science fiction, and if we believe there is a galactic community of advanced civilizations benevolently guiding us toward admission then we are deluding ourselves.

9. Alien Abduction

The DMT world is definitely “alien”, since it is totally bizarre, rationally incomprehensible and vastly different to our everyday world except insofar as it is inhabited by apparently intelligent entities capable of communicating with us to some degree. But these entities are unlikely candidates for occupants of UFOs, mainly because the space in which the DMT entities exist is obviously (to a human observer entering that space) not the space of our 3-d physical world (wherein UFOs are observed).

Also to note is that since our world is the totality of appearances to us (via the world-building function of our brains) of a world, we cannot assume that encounters with alleged ETs are encounters with beings that have somehow transported themselves across light years of (supposedly independently existing) physical space.

Even though there are many thousands of UFO sightings, these reveal at best only the external outlines of flying objects. No UFO has ever landed on the White House lawn with an occupant emerging asking to speak with the President. However there is abundant evidence of contact between humans and aliens within our everyday world (apparitional though it is) from the many reports of so-called “alien abductees”.

Alien abduction is mostly not taken seriously by ‘sensible’ people, who tend to assume that abduction reports must be the product of ‘disturbed minds’. Among those who have looked into it, it is highly controversial, not only because of criticism of unorthodox research methods (and perhaps some frauds) by abduction investigators but also, and basically, because abduction by aliens (like the existence of the DMT entities) is not consistent with the mainstream materialist view of reality. They cannot both be true.

Typically a person who is being abducted first has a sense that something weird is happening. They may suddenly find themselves somewhere different with no memory of how they got there. An abductee may feel compelled to follow a strange light, walk through walls, or may be levitated into a strange craft and find themselves face-to-face with, and controlled by, entities which may be humanoid but are clearly not human. These humanoids may be short, average or tall, some with reptilian features, but often they are your classical “Greys” with minimal facial features other than large, black, pupil-less, almond-shaped eyes (in no way “windows of the soul”).

In contrast, the DMT entities seen in the DMT trance exhibit a vastly greater variety of forms, though some are fairly human (usually child-like) in appearance. Terence McKenna famously described them as “machine elves” and “self-dribbling jeweled basketballs”. Others have described them as “crazy clowns”, “Celtic faeries”, “gargantuan guardians”, “endosymbiotic crystals”, “giant insect creatures “, “banshees”, “scary hobgoblins”, “celestial imps”, etc. Clearly the physical forms of the aliens usually encountered in abductions are unremarkable compared to the mind-blowing, kaleidoscopic, multi-dimensional entities encountered in the DMT world. That may be because these aliens are just workers, with the upper-echelon controllers (who sometimes appear to abductees) having a scarier form — often insectoid or mantis-like.

The aliens are frequently reported as carrying out medical procedures and examinations of abductees, focusing on sex and reproductive biology. Some alien abduction investigators have portrayed this as evidence of a scientific curiosity typically characteristic of human scientists, implying that their motives are benign and disinterested.

However, a principal abductee investigator, David M. Jacobs [11], regards this as indicative of their main concern, namely, to produce alien-human hybrids which can appear in public as normal humans but which further the goal of the aliens to infiltrate and eventually eliminate human society and replace it with their own.

David Jacobs writes [12]:

We now know that the abduction phenomenon as a whole is not for the purpose of research. The evidence suggests that all the alien procedures serve a reproductive agenda. And at the heart of the reproductive agenda is the Breeding Program, in which the aliens collect human sperm and eggs, incubate fetuses in human hosts to produce alien-human hybrids, and cause humans to mentally and physically interact with these hybrids for the purposes of their development.

If true then probably this has been occurring for a long time already, and by now the art of breeding alien-human hybrids who can pass as human may have been perfected. If the aliens also have no concern for the welfare of humans (but wish them enslaved if not eliminated entirely) then we have a rational explanation for the apparent insanity of Western political leaders which has become increasingly obvious in recent years (an example being the March 2018 false flag Skripal “poisoning” in the UK (see [13]) followed immediately by baseless accusations against Russia no doubt intended to prepare Western civilian populations for war). People who have noticed this apparent insanity usually attribute the behavior of these politicians either to idiocy, to blackmail or (among those at the top) to a deluded psychopathic lust for global dominance despite the obvious risk of precipitating a thermonuclear war which would likely kill most humans (slowly if not quickly). But it is also possible that this outcome is exactly what is intended by the aliens, to be achieved by placing their hybrids in influential positions in Western governments and at the Pentagon.

In this case the human species is threatened with imminent extinction not so much as a result of financial, social or ecological collapse, or out-of-control AI taking over the world, but more so by an alien invasion possibly intent on exterminating most or all humans. Some people will find this hard to contemplate, but if it is actually occurring then only public recognition of it, and robust opposition to it, can save us. In overcoming the threat we may need to seek the advice of the DMT entities, who not only are related to us, and thus are our natural allies, but also are closer than the aliens to the source of divine wisdom and magic.


[1] Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
[2] De principiis (On First Principles) [2.2.2],
[3] “340 DMT Trip Reports”,
[4] Bernardo Kastrup, “An Ontological Solution to the Mind-Body Problem”, Philosophies, 2017, 2(2),
[5] Larry Dossey, “Consciousness: Why Materialism Fails”,
[6] Thomas Metzinger, The Ego Tunnel — The Science of the Mind and the Myth of the Self
[7] Graham Hancock, Magicians of the Gods: The Forgotten Wisdom of Earth's Lost Civilization
[8] See also a longer version of this article previously published in 2016 at
[9] Eric Wargo, “Mysterianism and the Question of Machine Sentience”,
[10] William Bramley, The Gods of Eden,
[11] “Alien Hybrid DNA and UFO Bloodlines”,
[12] David Jacobs, The Threat — Revealing the Secret Alien Agenda
[13] Rob Slane, “Joining Some Dots On The Skripal Case”,

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